Growth Capsule for Energy Controlled Plant Phenomics
The Growth Capsule couples revolutions in multispectral LED lighting and imaging with precise thermal and moisture control to regulate and record plant physiology, growth and development. The system is modular, scalable, water and energy autonomous and can be deployed anywhere. It is the next generation in controlled environment growth facilities and open source for shared development and analysis. This research equipment will enable a new paradigm of urban agriculture.
Four GrowthCapsules will be installed in 2018 as part of the Grain Phenomics Climate Facility
This project will address limitations in plant phenotyping and environmental control and integrate advances in genomic analysis. The energy efficient growth chambers contain multispectral LED lights, temperature, humidity and watering controls that simulate dynamic stress, weather or climate environments to regulate growth and development. Multiple overlapping cameras installed across the light shelf provide real-time 3 dimensional phenotyping of size, shape and color change. Software for environmental control, remote visualization, supervised and automated trait extraction, genome wide association studies and crop modeling will be integrated and results shared in OpenAg, public plant phenomics databases.
A complete assembly diagram of the growtainer room with integrated grow capsules insides has been developed by our design engineers and is available here
Details about a Prototype Growth Capsule container. It has 2 rooms each with 3×12=36 trays of plants. A tray can hold 20 small pots (6x6cm) or 6 large pots (10x12cm) at various depths. The Growth Capsule has precision temperature -4 to 40C and humidity control using a cooling wall. It has high light up to >1400uE from up to 8 wave bands (RGBW + 660Red+740FarRed+840IR+950IR). There will be many overlapping cameras for time lapse imaging, 3D point cloud reconstruction, and multi spectral capture.